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Enseignement scientifique et technique - BIOCEB-Aalto-wood : An Introduction to Wood Properties and Wood products


Tree growth and ecology; wood species; wood anatomy; wood ultrastructure; moisture and wood; short-term and long-term mechanical properties; wood degradation; acoustic and thermal behaviour; wood products; wood product manufacturing.


The aim of this course it to introduce students to the structure of wood and its material properties as well as some of the important wood-based products and how they are manufactured. There is emphasis on the properties and products of wood relevant to applications in the built environment. After the course the student:

-understands the basics of wood properties and behaviour, especially with respect to use in the built environment, and how this can be managed
- knows about the range of wood products commercially available, or that are under development

- appreciates how the most common wood products are manufactured and how they can be used

Objectifs pédagogiques

Knowledge and understanding
For a passing grade the student must

- be familiar with tree growth and the ecological factors that affect it

- knows the key anatomical features of wood be familiar with the
main chemical constituents of wood, their properties and how they
make up the structure of the wood cell wall

- know about the anisotropic nature of wood and appreciate how the
anatomical structure of wood affects its physical and mechanical

- be familiar with the relationship between mass and volume in wood

- know the states of water in wood and be familiar with the thermal,
electrical and acoustic properties of wood and appreciate its
behaviour in fire

- be familiar with the key physical and biological agents responsible
for the degradation of wood

- know about the short-term and long-term mechanical behaviour of
wood under static and cyclical loading and appreciate how
environmental factors affect this

- appreciates how wood might be utilised in energy and resource
efficient constructions

- be able to describe the key steps in the manufacture of solid wood
and wood-based composite products

Competences and skills
For a passing grade the student must

-be able to differentiate important softwood and hardwood species
from their microstructures

-be familiar with how water affects the mechanical and physical
properties of wood, as well as how it affects its durability

Format des notes

Validé / non validé

Pour les étudiants du diplôme Diploma in Biological and Chemical Engineering for a Sustainable Bioeconomy (Bioceb)

Vos modalités d'acquisition :

Examination; reports

L'UE est acquise si Note finale >= Validé
  • Crédits ECTS acquis : 5 ECTS


L'UE est acquise si Note finale >= Validé
  • Crédits ECTS acquis : 5 ECTS

Mots clés

Wood; wood products; wood properties
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